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COVID-19 Vaccine 101

Now that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized and recommended a COVID-19 vaccine, it is important to educate yourself on the vaccine available, the vaccine development process and the facts surround vaccine safety and effectiveness.

Authorized and Recommended Vaccines

Currently, two vaccines are authorized and recommended to prevent COVID-19:

Vaccines in Phase 3 Clinical Trials

Large-scale (Phase 3) clinical trials are in progress for two COVID-19 vaccines in the United States:

Vaccination Phases

Due to the supply of the COVID-19 vaccine being limited in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends that initial supplies of the vaccine be allocated to healthcare personnel and long-term care facility residents.

  • Healthcare Personnel – All paid and unpaid people who serve in a healthcare setting and have the potential for direct or indirect exposure to patients or infectious materials
  • Long-Term Care Facility Residents - Adults who live in facilities that provide a variety of services, including medical and personal care, to people who are unable to live independently

The goal is for everyone to be able to easily receive a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as large quantities are available. As vaccine availability increases, vaccination recommendations will expand to include more groups.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have shared 8 things you should know about the U.S. vaccination program.

  1. The safety of COVID-19 vaccines is a top priority.
  2. COVID-19 vaccination will help protect you from getting COVID-19. Two doses are needed.
  3. Right now, the CDC recommends COVID-19 vaccine be offered to healthcare personnel and residents of long-term care facilities.
  4. There is currently a limited supply of COVID-19 vaccine in the United States, but supply will increase in the weeks and months to come.
  5. After the COVID-19 vaccination, you may have some side effects. This is a normal sign that your body is building protection.
  6. Cost is not an obstacle to being vaccinated against COVID-19.
  7. The first COVID-19 vaccine is being used under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Many other vaccines are still being developed and tested.
  8. COVID-19 vaccines are one of many important tools to help us stop this pandemic.